Geography of Koderma

Rivers, hills, forest areas and huge quantity of mineral reserves marks the geographical expanse of Koderma. The region coordinates at 24.47°North latitude and 85.6°East longitude with an average elevation of 397m. The total land area of district is approximately 1500Km2 of which 41% compromises of forest area and rest is mainly used for agricultural purposes. Koderma is surrounded by Nawada in north, Hazaribagh in south, Gaya district in west and Giridih in east.

Geographical Features of Koderma

Koderma experiences extremely moderate climate. In other words it is mixture of extreme climate usually witnessed in northern India and warm humidity of eastern India. As for yearly seasons are concerned, then all the four principal seasons are witnessed every year here. The yearly average rainfall here is approximately 1090mm.

Topography of Koderma

Koderma is rich in terms of flora and fauna. Countless rivers, tributaries, huge forest areas have transformed this district into small beautiful world where nature keeps thriving. Here special mention of forest areas is more pertinent, as they consume whopping 41% of total land area and therefore obviously most of the flora and fauna is concentrated in these forest areas. Highest percentage of existing forest areas are located in northern part of the district and so are most of district’s flora and fauna. Debour Ghati and Koderma Forest Reserve are also located. Beer, Peacock, Wild Pig, Jackal, Antelope and Deer are some of the prominent wildlife animals spotted here. Barakar River and Sakri River are two main rivers that flow through this district. Their innumerable tributaries also flow through this district. Soils found in Koderma is not that fertile. Most of the soil found here constitutes of laterite soil. Laterite soil is counted amongst non-fertile soil, mainly because it has huge proportion of acid. Absence of fertile soil obviously has huge adverse impact on agriculture sector here, mainly resulting in low agricultural production.

Minerals in Koderma

Whenever there is any discussion about Koderma’s geography, mention about its huge mineral reserves is but obvious. Since its huge mineral reserves includes mica, quartz, felspar, tourmaline and moonstones. Amongst it the most prominent and important is mica. This all important mineral is found in such huge quantity that today Koderma is highest exporter of Mica in entire India. This has also helped her to earn the auspicious title ‘Mica Capital of India’. Over many decades presence of such rare minerals gave huge boost to mining industry. While some are still operating, some have shut down. Mining industry over all assumes great importance for economic growth of this region of Jharkhand.

All the above information helps in drawing the conclusion about geographical features of Koderma which is characterized by rich flora and fauna. They don’t just add scenic beauty or define region’s geography, but are heart and soul of this entire region. Besides, existence of mineral reserves is another specialty of this region and has very rightfully become part of its identity.


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